The Bally Manufacturing Corporation was founded on January 10, 1932, when Bally’s original parent company, Lion Manufacturing, established the company to make pinball games. The company took its name from its first game, Ballyhoo.
The company started in the late 30s to manufacture gambling equipment, such as slot machines. After manufacturing munitions and airplane parts during World War II, Bally returned to their bases. The company continues to expand in various entertainment areas and in 1969, Bally acquired the Midway Manufacturing. In 1973. Midway became an early American maker of arcade video games . Once the home video game market began to flourish, Midway decided to use their knowledge to create a system that would be a real home arcade. Midway contracted Dave Nutting Associates to design a video display chip that could be used in all of their video game systems, from standup arcade games, to a home computer system. The system Nutting delivered was used in most of Midway’s classic arcade games of the era, including Gorf and Wizard of Wor.
In 1977, Midway started to take order for their Bally Home Library Computer. The system, only available through mail order in the JS&A catalogue. Marketed as a computer that could rival with the IBM 5100, about 8,000 orders were placed. At that time, the Bally Home Library Computer was to be delivered in four weeks, but it actually started in January of 1978 . By this time, the console had already changed its name for the Bally Professional Arcade.
In 1979 Bally grew less interested in the arcade market and decided to sell off their Consumer Products Division, including development and production of the game console. At about the same time, a third-party group had been unsuccessfully attempting to bring their own console design to market as the Astrovision. A corporate buyer from Montgomery Ward who was in charge of the Bally system put the two groups in contact, and a deal was eventually arranged. In 1981 they re-released the unit with the BASIC cartridge included for free, this time known as the Bally Computer System, with the name changing again, in 1982, to Astrocade. It sold under this name until the video game crash of 1983, and then disappeared around 1985.
- CPU: Zilog Z80, 1.789 MHz
- RAM: 4 kB (up to 64 kB with external modules in the expansion port)
- ROM: 8 kB
- Cart ROM: 8 kB
- Expansion: 64 kB total
- Ports: 4 controller, 1 expansion, 1 light pen
- Sound: 3 voices + noise/vibrato effects (played through the TV)
- Video Resolution: True 160×102 / Basic 160×88 / Expanded RAM 320×204
- Colors: True 8* / Basic 2
There’s a total of 25 licensed games released for this system.
* These were the original, but they were soon changed after the initial release.
With so many name changes, the console had to go through a series of different boxes type.
|Bally Box||Astrocade Box||Bally Box, with Astrocade Sticker||Bally Blister Pack|
The following have been confirmed to have been released in blister pack format. It’s to be noted that some have been released with two different covers.
- Amazing Maze / Tic-Tac-Toe (5001)
- Blackjack Poker and Acey Deucey (5002)
- Brickyard/Clowns (2004)
- Dog Patch (2010)
- Elementary Math and Bingo Math (4001)
- Panzer Attack and Red Baron (2003)
- Tornado Baseball/Tennis/Handball/Hockey (3001)
- Space Invaders (2009)
Third Party Games
Most site will report only a few third-party games for the Bally Astrocade, but in fact, there was a quite a few of them.
|Blast Droids||ICBM Attack||Life||Maze Man|
|Machine Language Manager||Music Maker||Muncher||Sea Devil|
|Simon and Put-Put Golf||Sneaky Snake||Spring Thing||Treasure Cove|
There’s also a ton of games and program that were developed for the Astrocade using the Bally Basic. Theses programs were distributed on audio cassette and were mostly distributed with magazines or sold through mail order. The most notable are the one released commercially by Esoterica Limited :
- Road Toad (Frogger)
- Garbersville / Ten Pins
- Great American Jigsaw, The / Big City Slick
- Home Budget Keeper / Hangman
- Star Trek (Starship Command) / Mini-Golf
- Super Skier (Super Slope)
- Treasure Island / Fox and Hounds
- Wildcatter / Bomb Squad
There’s a huge list of existing cassette listed on Bally Alley.