RCA Studio II

Console Name: RCA Studio II
Release Date: February 1977
Original Price: $149
Country of Origin: United States of America
Manufacturer: RCA
Staff(s): Joseph Weisbecker
Discontinued In: February 1978
Built In Games: 5
Number of Games: 10

History
The story of the RCA Studio II start with Joseph Weisbecker, an engineer for RCA.   In the 60s, Weisbecker was trying to convince RCA to enter the personal computer segment, while RCA was in the mainframe business. Weisbecker knew he needed a working prototype in order to have a chance to convince RCA management to invest in such a market. As such, in its own free time, he decided to build a computer using off the shelves part. In the summer of 1977, he unveiled FRED (Flexible Recreation and Educational Device). Jerry Herzog, a fellow colleague from RCA, decided to help Weisbecker turn FRED (renamed system 00) into a microprocessor as they thought it would be the best way to convince RCA to invest in the project. RCA took notice of the system 00 design and invited both men to join the Solid State Division of RCA to continue their research there.

Joseph Weisbecker continue developing new version of FRED on its own, adding new features such as a light gun, cassette player and a smaller form factor. Once in a while, RCA would allow him to bring his new creation to the research facility so that other engineers could also work on them. The engineers finally manage to convert the System 00 in 2 chips. From there, Weisbecker created the final version of the FRED prototype, dubbed FRED 2. The design document shows that Weisbecker played with various ideas such as a modem and storage of data on vinyl, cassette and ROM RCA decided to use FRED 2 to develop an arcade cabinet. Dubbed FREDOTRONIC, the cabinets were using interchangeable games and were some of the first arcade to use microprocessors. Five games were created to be used in the arcade: Mines, Chase II, Computer Bowling, Swords and Scramble-Split Seconds. Sadly, after deploying the arcade in a test market, the reception was not good and RCA decided to pull the plug of this venture.

In 1976, Joseph Weisbecker decided to pitch the idea to RCA to develop a home console video game system. RCA hired Any Modla to program the games. RCA also bought games from Joyce Weisbecker, Joseph Weisbecker daughter how had developed games using the FRED prototype they had at home. With this transaction, she became the first female professional game developer. RCA already knew the shortcoming of its system. It was black and white, the graphics were a bit crude and it didn’t have detachable controllers. RCA had plans to correct theses flaws in a future release, thinking that what they had was good enough to enter the market as is.

Release
The first prototype was ready in March 1976. Dubbed the Videomate, the system was planned to be released before the Christmas holiday of 1976, but delay with the FCC pushed the released to February 1977. This time, the reception was positive in the test market and RCA decide to proceed with a country-wide released in April. The system was delivered with 5 built-in games: Freeway, Addition, Bowling, Patterns and Doodles. The system continue to receive good review, but the sales were still sluggish.

During this time, RCA continue working on the RCA Studio III, an improved version of the RCA Studio II. The new version had better graphics, color capabilities and a better sound, while remaining backward compatible with the previous version. Some of the later game released for the Studio II such as Biorhythm and Math fun were actually RCA Studio III games.

With the Studio III almost ready to go, RCA even start to work on the RCA Studio IV. Planned for 1979, the console would finally include detachable controller and would again increase the graphical capability of the console while being backward compatible with the RCA Studio II and III.

Demise
Although the owner of the RCA Studio II was loving their console, the device was not very popular. After a disastrous Christmas season, RCA decided to pull the plug on the console development and sold their remaining stock to Radio Shack. At this point, the RCA Studio II had sold less than 64,000 units. Radio Shack sold the RCA Studio II at a discount prices and even sold the necessary hardware to build a programming cartridge for the device.

In April 1978, a ray of hope for the RCA Studio line happens when RCA decided to license the right to the RCA Studio III hardware and games to a Far East company. The deal included all the games released for the RCA Studio II plus Bingo, Star Wars, Concentration Match and Pinball. The unnamed company then released console across Europe, Japan and Australia.

RCA decided to work on the RCA Studio IV for a few months before deciding to pull out completely of the home video game market.

 

Games
10 games were officially released for the RCA Studio II in cartridges format (this exudes the 5 built-in games). Other cartridges were released on other countries based on the RCA Studio III hardware. An eleventh game called TV Casino Series: TV Bingo was also found in the wild. We never found any indication that these games were ever released. With only 2 copies found, this is highly likely that this cartridge was either a prototype or an early production copy, but that the system was cancelled before it was released.

 

 

TV Arcade I: Space War
18V400
TV Arcade II: Fun with Numbers
18V401
TV Arcade III: Tennis/Squash
18V402
TV Arcade IV: Baseball
18V403
TV Arcade Series: Speedway/Tag
18V404
TV Arcade Series: Gunfighter/Moonship Battle
18V405
TV School House I
18V500
TV School House II: Math Fun
18V501
TV Casino I: Blackjack
18V600
TV School House I
18V500
  TV Casino Series: TV Bingo (Unreleased)*
18V601
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